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北大2006年考博士英语真题及答案(三)
时间:2016-04-09 22:09  来源:学苑考博  作者:学苑教育  点击:
学苑考博为考博考生们整理了北大2006年考博士英语真题及答案,希望考生们以此参考练习。

    北大2006年考博士英语真题及答案(三)

  PartThree:ReadingComprehension 10

  PassageOne  TheHero

  Mymother’sparentscamefromHungary,butmygrandfathercouldtracehisorigintoGermanyandalsohewaseducatedinGermany.Althoughhewasabletoholdaconversationinninelanguages,hewasmostcomfortableinGerman.Everymorning,beforegoingtohisoffice,hereadtheGermanlanguagenewspaper,whichwasAmericanownedandpublishedinNewYork.

  MygrandfatherwastheonlyoneinhisfamilytocometotheUnitedStateswithhiswifeandchildren.HestillhadrelativeslivinginEurope.Whenthefirstworldwarbrokeout,helamentedthefactthatifmyuncle,hisonlysonhadtogo,itwouldbecousinfightingagainstcousin.Intheearlydaysofthewar,mygrandmotherbeggedhimtostoptakingtheGermannewspaperandtotakeanEnglishlanguagenewspaper,instead.Hescoffedattheidea,explainingthatthefactitwasinGermandidnotmakeitaGermannewspaper,butonlyanAmericannewspaper,printedinGerman.Butmygrandmotherinsisted,forfearthattheneighborsmayseehimreaditandthinkhewasGerman.So,hefinallygaveuptheGermannewspaper.

  Oneday,theinevitablehappenedandmyuncleMiltonreceivednoticetojointhearmy.Mygrandparentswereveryupset,butmymother,hislittlesister,wasexcited.Nowshecouldboastabouthersoldierbrothergoingofftowar.Shewastenyearsoldatthetime,andmyuncle,realizinghowhewasregardedbyhislittlesisterandherfriends,wentoutandboughtthemallservicepins,whichmeantthattheyhadalovedoneintheservice.Allthelittlegirlsweredelighted.Whenthedaycameforhimtoleave,hiswholeregiment,intheiruniforms,lefttogetherfromthesametrainstation.Therewasabandplayingandmymotherandherfriendscametoseehimoff.EachoneworeherservicepinandwavedasmallAmericanflag,cheeringtheboys,astheyleft.

  Themomentcameandthesoldiers,allveryyoung,noneofwhomhadhadanytraining,butwhohadneverthelessallbeenissueduniforms,boardedthetrain.Thebandplayedandthecrowdcheered.Thetraingroanedasifitknewthedestinytowhichitwastakingitspassengers,butitsoonbegantomove.Stillcheeringandwavingtheirflags,thebandstillplaying,thetrainslowlydepartedthestation.

  Ithadgoneaboutathousandyardswhenitsuddenlygroundtoahalt.Thebandstoppedplaying,thecrowdstoppedcheering.Everyonegazedinwonderasthetrainslowlybackedupandreturnedtothestation.Itseemedaneternityuntilthedoorsopenedandthemenstartedtofileout.Someoneshouted,“It’sthearmistice.Thewarisover.”Foramoment,nobodymoved,butthenthepeopleheardsomeonebarkordersatthesoldiers.Themenlinedupandformedintotwolines.Theywalkeddownthestepsand,withthebandplayingbehind,paradeddownthestreet,asreturningheroes,tobewelcomedhomebytheassembledcrowd.Thenextdaymyunclereturnedtohisjob,andmygrandfatherresumedreadingtheGermannewspaper,whichhereaduntilthedayhedied.

  41.Wherewasthenarrator’sfamilywhenthisstorytookplace?

  A.InGermany. B.InHungary. C.IntheUnitedStates D.InNewYork.

  42.Hisgrandfather____________.

  A.couldnotspeakandreadEnglishwellenough

  B.knewninelanguagesequallywell

  C.knewanumberoflanguages,butfeltmorekintoGerman

  D.lovedGermanbestbecauseitmadehimthinkofhome

  43.Hisgrandmotherdidnotwantherhusbandtobuyandreadnewspapers

  A.Coupledwith,equal

  inGerman,because________.

  A.itwaswartimeandGermansweretheirenemy

  B.theneighborswouldmistakethemaspro-German

  C.itwaseasiertogetnewspapersinEnglishinAmerica

  D.nobodyelsereadnewspapersinGermanduringthewartime

  44.Thenarrator’smotherwantedherbrothertogotofightinthewar,because________.

  A.likeeverybodyelseatthewartime,shewasverypatriotic

  B.shehatedthewarandtheGermansverymuch

  C.allherfriendshadrelativesinwarandshewantedtobelikethem

  D.shelikedtohaveabrothershecouldthinkofasahero

  PassageTwo  WakingUpfromtheAmericanDreamssds

  Therehasbeenmuchtalkrecentlyaboutthephenomenonof“Wal-Martization”ofAmerica,whichreferstotheattemptofAmerica’sgiantWal-Martchainstorecompanytokeepitscostatrock-bottomlevels.Foryears,manyAmericancompanieshaveembracedWal-Mart-likestratagemstocontrollaborcosts,suchashiringtemps(temporaryworkers)andpart-timers,fightingunions,dismantlinginternalcareerladdersandoutsourcingtolowerpayingcontractorsathomeandabroad.

  Whilethesetacticshavetheadmirableoutcomeofholdingdownconsumerprices,they’recostlyinotherways.Morethanaquarterofthelaborforce,about34millionworkers,istrappedinlow-wage,oftendead-endjobs.Manymiddle-incomeandhigh-skilledemployeesfacefeweropportunities,too,ascompaniesshiftworktosubcontractorsandtempsagenciesandmovewhite-collarjobstoChinaandIndia.

  TheresulthasbeenanerosionofoneofAmerica’smostcherishedvalue:givingitspeopletheabilitytomoveuptheeconomicladderovertheirlifetimes.Historically,mostAmericans,evenlow-skilledones,wereabletofindpoorlypaidjanitorialorfactoryjobs,thengraduallyclimbedintothemiddleclassastheygainedexperienceandmovedupthewagecurve.Butthenumberofworkersprogressingupwardbegantoslipin1970s.Upwardmobilitydiminishedevenmoreinthe1980sasglobalizationandtechnologyslammedblue-collarwages.

  RestoringAmericanmobilityislessaquestionofknowingwhattodothanofmakingithappen.Expertshavedecriedschools’inadequacyforyears,butfixingthemisalong,arduousstruggle.Similarly,therehavebeenplentyofwarningsaboutdecliningcollegeaccess,butfindingfundswasdifficulteveninerasoflargesurpluses.

  45.TheAmericandreaminthispassagemainlyrefersto____________.­

  A.therearealwayspossibilitiesofferedtopeopletodevelopthemselvesinthesociety

  B.Americanscanalwaysmoveupthepayladder

  C.Americanyoungpeoplecanhaveaccesstocollege,eventheyarepoor

  D.thelaborforceisnottrappedinlow-wageanddead-endjobs

  46.Wal-Martstrategy,accordingtothispassage,is to___________.

  A.hiretempsandpart-timerstoreduceitscost

  B.outsourceitscontractstolowerpriceagenciesathomeandabroad

  C.holddownitsconsumerpricebycontrollingitslaborcosts

  D.dismantlethecareerladderandstoppeople’smobilityupward

  47.WhichofthefollowingstatementsisNOTTRUE?

  A.Wal-Martizationhasbeensuccessfulinkeepingcostsatrock-bottomlevels.

  B.Upwardmobilityforlow-skilledworkershasbecomeimpossibleintheU.S.

  C.Morebusinessopportunitiesaregiventolow-costagenciesinChinaandIndia.

  D.AlthoughpeopleknowhowtorestoreAmericanmobility,it’sdifficulttochangethepresentsituation.

  PassageThree  SeniorsandtheCity

  Tensofthousandsofretireesarepullingupstakesinsuburbanareasandfashioning

  theirownretirementcommunitiesintheheartofthebustlingcity.Theyarelookingforwhatmostolderpeoplewant:ahomewithnostairsandlowcrimerates.Andtheyarewillingtoexchangeregularweeklygolftimeforrichculturalofferings,youngneighborsandplentyofgoodrestaurants.Spyinganopportunity,majorreal-estatedevelopershavebrokengroundonurbansitestheyintendedtomarkettosuburbanretirees.Theseseniorsarealreadychangingthefaceofbigcities.Onedeveloper,FranMcCarthyasks:“Whoeverthoughtthatsuburbanflightwouldberoundtrip?”

  Thetrickleofolderfolksreturningtothecityhasgrownintoasteadystream.Whilesomecities,especiallythosewithfewculturalofferings,haveseenanexodusofseniors,urbanplannerssayothershavebecomeretireesmagnets.Between1999and2000,thepopulationof64-to-75-year-oldsindowntownChicagorose17percent.Austin,NewOrleans,andLosAngeleshaveseendouble-digitincreasesaswell.Theremaybehiddenhealthbenefitstocityliving.Astudyrevealsthatmovingfromsuburbstothecitycanwardoffthebyproductofaging---socialisolation.Inthenextsixyears,downtownsareexpectedtogrowevengrayer.Foraffluentretirees,citylifeisanincreasinglypopularoption.

  48.Retiredseniorsaremovingbackintothecitybecause____________.

  A.theyfindtherearetoomanycrimesinthesuburbs

  B.unliketheflatsinthecity,theircountryhousehavestairstoclimb

  C.theyarenolongerinterestedinplayinggolf

  D.inthecity,theyhavemoresocialandculturallifeagainstloneliness

  49.Fromthepassagewecaninferthat_________.

  A.thereal-estatedevelopershavebrokentheiroriginalcontractsofconstructionwithseniorretirees

  B.alifeinthedowntowncityisexpensive,andmostofthoseretireeswhomovedbackintothecityareverywell-off

  C.withmoreolderpeoplelivinginthecity,thecitywillbecomegrayandlessbeautiful

  D.verysoontheAmericansuburbanareaswillfacetheirlowpopulationcrisis



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