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2013年北京大学考博英语真题及答案(部分)
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学苑考博为考博考生们整理了2013年北京大学考博英语真题及答案(部分),希望考生们以此参考练习。

      2013年北京大学考博英语真题及答案(部分)

  Part Two: Structure and Written Expression20

  Directions: In each question decide which of four choices given will most suitably complete the sentence if inserted at the place marked. Mark your choices on the ANSWERSHEET.

  21.The nuclear family __________ a self-contained, self-satisfying unit composed of father, mother and children.

  A. refers to B. defines C. describes D. devotes to

  22.Some polls show that roughly two-thirds of the general public believe that elderly Americans are________ by social isolation and loneliness. A. reproached B. favored C. plagued D. reprehended

  23.In addition to bettering group and individual performance, cooperation ________ the quality of interpersonal relationship.

  A. ascends B. compels C. enhances D. prefers

  24.In the past 50 years, there ________ a great increase in the amount of research _____on the human brain.

  A. was…did B. has been…to be done C. was…doing D. has been…done

  25.“I must have eaten something wrong. I feel like _____ .” “We told you not to eat at a restaurant. You’d better _______ at home when you are not in the shape.” A. to throw up…to eat B. throwing up…eating C. to throw up…eat D. throwing up…eat

  26. Parent shave to show due concerns to their children’s creativity and emotional output; otherwise what they think beneficial to the kids might probably _______ their enthusiasm and aspirations.

  A. hold back B. hold to C. hold down D. hold over

  27. According to psychoanalysis, a person’s attention is attracted ________ by the intensity of different signals ________ by their context, significance, and information content.

  A. not less than…as B. as…just as C. so much…as D. not so much…as 28.They moved to Portland in1998 and lived in a big house, _______ to the south. A. the windows of which opened B. the windows of it opened C. its windows opened D. the windows of which opening

  29.The lady who has_______ for a night in the dead of the winter later turned out to be a distant relation of his.

  A. put him up B. put him out C. put him on D. put him in

  30.By standers,_______,_________ as they walked past lines of ambulances.

  A. bloody and covered with dust, looking dazed

  B. bloodied and covered with dust, looked dazed

  C. bloody and covered with dust, looked dazed

  D. bloodied and covered with dust, looking dazed

  31. Hong Kong was not a target for terror attacks, the Government insisted yesterday, as

  the US________ closed for an apparent security review.

  A. Consulation

  B. Constitution

  C. Consulate

  D. Consular

  32. American fans have selected Yao in a vote for the All-Star game ______the

  legendary

  O’Neal,

  who ______ the

  “Great

  Wall”

  at the weekend as the Rockets beat the

  Los Angeles Lakers.-

  A. in head of, ran on

  B. in head of, ran into

  C. ahead of, ran onto

  D. ahead of, ran into

  33. Professional archivists and librarians have the resources to duplicate materials in

  other formats and the expertise to retrieve materials trapped in _________ computers.

  A. abstract

  B. obsolete

  C. obstinate

  D. obese

  34. She always prints important documents and stores a backup set at her house.

  “I

  actually think

  there’s

  something about the______ of paper that feels more

  comforting.”

  She said.

  A. tangibility

  B. tangledness

  C. tangent

  D. tantalization

  35.“They

  said what we always

  knew,”

  said an administration source,___________.

  A. he asked not to be named

  B. who asked not to be named

  C. who asked not be named

  D. who asked not named

  36.In Germany, the industrial giants Daimler Chrysler and Siemens recently_______

  their unions into signing contracts that lengthen work hours without increasing pay.

  A. muscled

  B. moved

  C. mushed

  D. muted

  37. He argues that the policy has done little to ease joblessness, and has left the

  country_______.

  A. energized

  B. Enervated

  C. Nerved

  D. enacted

  38. The more people hear his demented rants, the more they see that he is a

  terrorist_______.

  A. who is pure and simple

  B. being pure and simple

  C. pure and simple

  D. as pure and simple

  39. This expansion of rights has led to both a paralysis of the public service and to a

  rapid and terrible ________ in the character of the population.

  A. determination

  B. deterioration

  C. desolation

  D. desperation

  40._______ a declining birthrate, there will be an over-supply of 27,000 primary school

  places by 2010, _______ leaving 35 school sidle.

  B. Coupling with, equivalent to

  C. Coupled with, equivalent to

  D. Coupling with, equals to

  Part Three: Reading Comprehension 10 Passage One The Hero

  My mother’s parents came from Hungary, but my grandfather could trace his origin to Germany and also he was educated in Germany. Although he was able to hold a

  conversation in nine languages, he was most comfortable in German. Every morning, before going to his office, he read the German language newspaper, which was American owned and published in New York.

  My grandfather was the only one in his family to come to the United States with his wife and children. He still had relatives living in Europe. When the first world war broke out, he lamented the fact that if my uncle, his only son had to go, it would be cousin fighting against cousin. In the early days of the war, my grandmother begged him to stop taking the German newspaper and to take an English language newspaper, instead. He scoffed at the idea, explaining that the fact it was in German did not make it a German newspaper, but only an American newspaper, printed in German. But my grandmother insisted, for fear that the neighbors may see him read it and think he was German. So, he finally gave up the German newspaper.

  One day, the inevitable happened and my uncle Milton received notice to join the army.

  My grandparents were very upset, but my mother, his little sister, was excited. Now she

  could boast about her soldier brother going off to war. She was ten years old at the time,

  and my uncle, realizing how he was regarded by his little sister and her friends, went

  out and bought them all service pins, which meant that they had a loved one in the

  service. All the little girls were delighted. When the day came for him to leave, his

  whole regiment, in their uniforms, left together from the same train station. There was a

  band playing and my mother and her friends came to see him off. Each one wore her

  service pin and waved a small American flag, cheering the boys, as they left.

  The moment came and the soldiers, all very young, none of whom had had any training,

  but who had never the less all been issued uniforms, boarded the train. The band played

  and the crowd cheered. The train groaned as if it knew the destiny to which it was

  taking its passengers, but it soon began to move. Still cheering and waving their flags,

  the band still playing, the train slowly departed the station.

  It had gone about a thousand yards when it suddenly ground to a halt. The band stopped

  playing, the crowd stopped cheering. Everyone gazed in wonder as the train slowly

  backed up and returned to the station. It seemed an eternity until the doors opened and

  the men started to file out. Someone shouted,

  “It’s

  the armistice. The war is

  over.”

  For a

  moment, nobody moved, but then the people heard someone bark orders at the soldiers.

  The men lined up and formed into two lines. They walked down the steps and, with the

  band playing behind, paraded down the street, as returning heroes, to be welcomed

  home by the assembled crowd. The next day my uncle returned to his job, and my

  grandfather resumed reading the German newspaper, which he read until the day he

  died.

  41. Where was the

  narrator’s

  family when this story took place?

  A. In Germany.

  B. In Hungary.

  C. In the United States

  D. In New York.

  42.His grandfather ____________.

  A. could not speak and read English well enough

  B. knew nine languages equally well

  C. knew a number of languages, but felt more kin to German

  D. loved German best because it made him think of home

  43. His grandmother did not want her husband to buy and read newspapers in German,

  because ________.

  A. it was war time and Germans were their enemy

  B. the neighbors would mistake them as pro-German

  C. it was easier to get newspapers in English in America

  D. nobody else read newspapers in German during the wartime

  44. The

  narrator’s

  mother wanted her brother to go to fight in the war,

  because________.

  A. like everybody else at the wartime, she was very patriotic

  B. she hated the war and the Germans very much

  C. all her friends had relatives in war and she wanted to be like them

  D. she liked to have a brother she could think of as a hero

  Passage Two

  Waking Up from the American Dreams

  There has been much talk recently about the phenomenon of

  “Wal

  -

  Martization”

  of

  America, which refers to the attempt of

  America’s

  giant Wal-Mart chain store company

  to keep its cost at rock-bottom levels. For years, many American companies have

  embraced Wal-Mart-like stratagems to control labor costs, such as hiring temps

  (temporary workers) and part-timers, fighting unions, dismantling internal career

  ladders and outsourcing to lower paying contractors at home and abroad.

  While these tactics have the admirable outcome of holding down consumer prices,

  they’re

  costly in other ways. More than a quarter of the labor force, about 34 million

  workers, is trapped in low-wage, often dead-end jobs. Many middle-income and

  high-skilled employees face fewer opportunities, too, as companies shift work to

  subcontract or sand temps agencies and move white-collar jobs to China and India.

  The result has been an erosion of one of

  America’s

  most cherished value: giving its

  people the ability to move up the economic ladder over their life times. Historically,

  most Americans, even low-skilled ones, were able to find poorly paid janitorial or

  factory jobs, then gradually climbed into the middleclass as they gained experience and

  moved up the wage curve. But the number of workers progressing upward began to slip

  in 1970s. Upward mobility diminished even more in the 1980s as globalization and

  technology slammed blue-collar wages.

  Restoring American mobility is less a question of knowing what to do than of making it

  happen. Experts have decried

  schools’

  in adequacy for years, but fixing them is a long,

  arduous struggle. Similarly, there have been plenty of warnings about declining college

  access, but finding funds was difficult even in eras of large surpluses.

  45. The American dream in this passage mainly refers to____________.

(责任编辑:zhaoxiaoyan)

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