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北京大学2000年考博英语真题(三)
时间:2016-04-08 23:38  来源:学苑考博  作者:学苑教育  点击:
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     北京大学2000年考博英语真题(三)

  II. Read the following passage carefully and then paraphrase the numbered and underlined

  parts. ("Paraphrase" means to explain the meaning in your own English.) (15%)

  Charm is the ultimate weapon, the supreme seduction, against which there are few defenses. If you've got it, you need almost nothing else, neither money, looks, nor pedigree. (41)It is a gift only given to give away. and the more used the more there is. It is also a climate , of behavior set for perpetual summer and controlled by taste and tact.

  Real charm is dynamic, an enveloping spell which mysteriously enslaves the senses. It is an

  inner light, fed on reservoirs of benevolence which well up like a thermal spring .It is unconscious, often nothing but the wish to please, and cannot be turned on and off at will.

  (42) You recognize charm by the feeling you get in its presence. You know who has it. But

  can you get it. too? Probably you can't, because it's a quickness of spirit an originality of touch

  you have to be born with. Or it's something that grows naturally out of another quality, like the

  simple desire to make people happy. Certainly, charm is not a question of learning tricks like

  wrinkling your nose, or having a laugh in your voice, or gaily tossing your hair out of your

  dancing eyes. (43) Such signs, to the nervous, are ominous warnings which may well send him

  streaking for cover. On the other hand. there is an antenna, a built-in awareness of others, which most people have , and which care can nourish.

  But in a study of charm , what else does one took for? Apart from the ability to listen -- rarest of all human virtues and most difficult to sustain without vagueness --- apart from warmth , sensitivity, and the power to please, what else is there visible? (44) A generosity. I suppose. which makes no demands, a transaction which strikes no bargains, which doesn't hold itself back till you've filled up a test-card making it clear that you're worth the trouble. Charm can't withhold, but spends itself willingly on young and old alike, on the poor, the ugly, the dim, the boring, on the test fat man in the comer. (45) It reveals itself also in a sense of ease, in casual but perfect manners, and often in a physical grace which spring less from an accident of youth than from a confident serenity of mind. Any person with this is more than just a popular fellow, be is also a social healer.

  Part Three: Cloze Test

  Fill in each numbered blank in the following passage: with ONE suitable word to complete the

  passage. Put your answers in the ANSWER SHEET. (l0%)

  One way of improving one's writing is to get into the habit of keeping a record of your observations, of storing (46) __ in a notebook or journal. You should make notes on your experiences and on your (47) _____ of everyday life so that they are preserved. It is sad (48) ___to be able to retrieve a lost idea that seemed brilliant when it fleshed across your (49) ___, or a forgotten fact that you need to make a point in an argument or to illustrate a conclusion.

  The journal habit has still (50) ___ value. Just (51)_____you need to record observations--the material for writing--you need to practice purling thoughts on paper. Learning to write is more like learning to ski (52) ____it is studying calculus or anthropology .Practice helps you discover ways to improve. Writing down ideas for your own use forces you to examine them. Putting thoughts on paper for someone else to read (53)______ you to evaluate not(54)____ the content -- what you say -- but also the expression---(55) _____ you say it. Many writers have benefited from this habit.

  Part Four: Proofreading

  Directions: This part consists of a short passage. In this passage, there are altogether 20 mistakes, one in each underlined sentence or part of a sentence. You may have to change a word, add a word or just delete a word. If you change a word, cross it out with a slash (\) and write the correct word. If you add a word, write the missing word between the words (in bracket) immediately before and after it. If you delete a word, cross it out with a slash 6). Put your answers in the ANSWER SHEET . (20 %)

  Examples :

  eg. 1 (56) The meeting begun 2 hours ago,

  Correction in the ANSWER SHEET: (56) began

  eg.2 (57) Scarcely they settled themselves in their seats in the theatre when the curtain went up Correction in the ANSWER SHEET: (57) (Scarcely) and (they)

  eg.3 (58) Never will I not do it again

  Correction in the ANSWER SHEET: (58) not

  (56) "Humanism" has used to mean too many things to be a very satisfactory term, (57)Nevertheless and in the lack or a better word. (58) I shall use it explain for the complex of attitudes which this discussion has undertaken to defend.

  (59) In this sense a humanist is anyone who reiects the attempt to describe or account of man

  wholly on the basis of physics, chemistry, and animal behavior. (60) He is anyone who believes

  that will reason, and purpose are real and significant than value and justice are aspects of a reality called good and evil and rests upon some foundation other than custom: (61) that conscjousness is so far from a mere epiphenomenon that it is the most tremendous of actualities (62) that the unmeasure may be significant or to sum it all up. (63) that these human realities which sometimes seem to exist only in human mind are the perceptions of the mind .

  (64) He is in other words, anyone who says that there are more things in heaven and earth that those dreamed of in the positivist philosophy.

  (65) Originally to be sure, the term humanist meant simply anyone who thought the study of

  ancient literature his chief concern. Obviously it means, as I use it, very much more. (66) But there remains nevertheless a certain connection between the aboriginal meaning and that I am attempting to give it, (67) because those whom I describe as humanists usually recognize that literature and the arts have been pretty consistently "on its side" and (68) because it is often to

  literature that they turn to renew their faith in the whole class of truths which the modern world has so consistently tended to dismiss as the mere figments of a wishful thinking imagination.

  (69) Insofar as this modern world gives less and less attention to its literary past. insofar as it dismisses that past as something outgrow and (70) to be discarded as much as the imperfect technology contemporary with it has been discarded. (71) just to that extent it facilitate the

  surrender of humanism to technology . (72) The literature is to be found, directly expressed or.

  (73) more often, indirectly implied, the most effective correction to the views now most prevalent

  among the thinking and unthinking.

  (74) The great imaginative writers present a picture of human nature and of human life which

  carries convjction and thus giving the lie to all attempts to reduce man to a mechanism. Novels and poems ,and dramas are so persistently concemed with the values which relativism rejects that one might even define literature as the attempt to pass value judgments upon representations of human life. (75) More often than not those of its imaginative persons who fail to achieve power and wealth are more successful that those who do not - by standards which the imaginative writer persuades us to accept as valid.

  Part Five: Writing

  Write a short composition of about 250 to 300 words on the topic given below: (15%)

  Topic: What is the most urgent issue facing the world people in the 21 century?

  State your reasons.



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