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北京大学2000年考博英语真题(一)
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  北京大学2000年考博英语真题(一)

  Part One: Structure & Written Expression

  Direction: In each question decide which of the four choices given will most suitably complete the sentence if inserted at the place marked. Put the letter of your choice in the

  ANSWER SHEET. (25%)

  1. Thomas Wolfe portrayed people so that you came to know their yearnings, their impulses, and

  their warts----this was effective _____.

  A. motivation B. point of view C. characterization D. background

  2. The appeal to the senses known as ______ is especially common in poetry.

  A. imaginative B. imaginable C. ingenious D. imagery

  3. If you've got a complaint, the best thing is to see the person concerned and _____ with him.

  A. tell it B. have it out C. say it D. have it known

  4. There have been several attempts to introduce gayer colours and styles in men's clothing , but

  none of them____

  A. ha caught on B. has caught him out, C. has caught up D. take roots

  5.The retired engineer plunked down $ 50,000 in cash for a mid-size Mercedes as a present for his wife --a purchase ______ ,with money made in the stock market the week before.

  A. paid off B. paid through C. paid cut D. paid for

  6.He has courage all right, but in matters requiring judgment, he has often been found

  sadly_____.

  A. lack it B. absent C. in need of it D. wanting

  7. Danis Hayes raised the essential paradox and asked how people could have fought so hard

  against environmental degradation _____ themselves now on the verge of losing the war.

  A. only found B. finding only C. only to find D, have only found

  8.The once separate issue of environment and development are now ____ linked.

  A. intangible B. indispensable C. inextricably D. incredibly

  9.The need to see that justice is done ____ every decision made in the courts.

  A. implants into B. imposes on C. impinges upon D. imprecates upon

  10. Two thirds of the US basketball players are black, and the number would be greater__

  the continuing practice of picking white bench warmers for the sake of balance.

  A. was it not because of B. had it not been for

  C. ware it not for D. would it not have been for

  11. No one would have time to read or listen to an account of everything ____ going on in the world.

  A. it is B. there is C. as is D. what is

  12. If there is the need to compete in a crowd, to battle ______ the edge the surest strategy is to

  develop the unexpected.

  A. on B. for C. against D. with

  13. Just as there are occupations that require college or even higher degrees _____.

  occupations for which technical training is necessary .

  A. so too there are B. so also there are

  C. so there are too D. so too are there

  14. It is a myth that the law permits the Food and Drug Administration to ignore requirements for

  ______ drugs while brand-name drugs still must meet these rigid tests.

  A. specific B. generic

  C. intricate D. acrid

  15. The very biggest and most murderous wars during the industrial age were intra-industrial

  -wars that ____ Second Wave nations like Germany and Britain against one another

  A. pitted B. drove C. kept D. embarked

  16.The private life of having each individual make his or her own choice of beliefs and interest

  _______ without the overarching public world of the state, which sustains a structure of law appropriate to a self-determining association.

  A. is not possible B. would not be possible

  C. will not be possible D. cannot be possible

  17.From Christianity and the barbarian kingdoms of the west emerged the medieval version of

  politics_____ in ,turn evolved the politics of our modern world.

  A. of which B. from which C. on which D. by which

  18. The Portuguese give a great deal of credit to one man for having promoted sea travel, that man____ Prince Henry the navigator, who lived in the 15th century.

  A. was B. was called D. calling D. being

  19.Grant was one of a body of men who were self-reliant _______ , who cared hardly anything for the past but had a sharp eye for the future .

  A. on themselves B on not making a fault

  C. to a fault D. to remain ahead

  20. Huntington and many of its competitors are working to make remedial instruction a commodity as____ and accessible as frozen yogurt .

  a. ubiquitous B. rational C. necessary D. credible

  21. The scheme for rebuilding the city center______, owing to the refusal f a Council to sanction the expenditure of the money it would have required.

  A. fell down B. fell off C. fell out D. fell flat

  22. If they think they are going to win over us by obstinately _____ and refusing to make the slightest concession. they are mistaken .

  A. holding out B, holding to C. holding over D. holding up

  23. Tine possibility that the explosion was caused by sabotage cannot be _____

  A. broken out B. cancelled out C. ruled out D, wiped out

  24. The ex-president had been ____ in the country to refresh his mind before he passed away.

  A. given to walking B. given a walk C. given for a walk D. giving a walk

  25. He did not relish appealing amongst his friends and____ of their criticism or censure.

  A. running short B. running out C. running the gauntlet D. running ahead

  Part Two: Reading Comprehension

  I. Each of the passages below is followed by some questions. For each question four answers

  are given . Read the passages carefully and choose the best answer to each question. Put your

  choice in the ANSWER SKEET. (15%)



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