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中国人民大学2004考博英语真题(三)
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  中国人民大学2004考博英语真题(三)

  Passage 3

  It is not unusual for chief executives to collect millions of dollars a year in

  pay, stock options, and bonuses. In the last fifteen years, while executive

  remuneration rose, taxes in the highest income bracket went down. Millionaires

  are now commonplace.

  Amiability is not a prerequisite for rising to the top, and there are a

  number of chief executive officers with legendary bad tempers. It is not the

  boss's job to worry about the well-being of his subordinates although the man

  with many enemies wi!! be swept out more quickly in hard times; it is the

  company he worries about . His business savvy is supposed to be based on

  intimate knowledge of .his company and the industry .so he goes home nightly

  with a full briefcase. At the very top - and on the way up - executives are

  exceedingly dedicated.

  The American executive must be capable of enough small talk to get him

  through the social part of his schedule, but he is probably not a highly cultured

  individual or an intellectual. Although his wife may be on the board of the

  symphony or opera, he himself has little time for such pursuits. His reading

  may largely concern business and management, despite interests in other fields.

  Golf provides him with a sportive outlet that combines with some useful

  socializing.

  These days, he probably attempts some form of aerobic exercise to "keep

  the old heart in shape" and for the same reason goes easy on butter and alcohol,

  and substances thought to contribute to taking highly stressed executives out of

  the running. But his doctor's admonition to "take it easy" falls on deaf eyes. He

  likes to work. He knows there are younger men nipping at his heels.

  Corporate head-hunting, carried on by "executive search fares," is a

  growing industry. America has great faith in individual talent, and dynamic and

  aggressive executives are so in demand that companies regularly raid each

  other's managerial ranks.

  51. We can infer from the second paragraph that___

  A. promotion depends on amiability

  B. chief executives do not work hard enough at the top level

  C. it is the duty of the chief executive to look after the well-being of his

  subordinates

  D. a chief executive is expected to know more about his company and the

  industry

  52. The term "aerobic exercise" (fa'st line in second last paragraph) is a kind Of

  ____

  A. hallucination exercise

  B. physical exercise

  C. meditation exercise

  D. entertainment

  53. From the last paragraph we can gather that ____

  A. there are too many aggressive executives

  B. individual talent is not essential for a company

  C. the job of an "executive search rum" is corporate head-hunting

  D. it is not common for companies to undermine each other's managerial

  ranks

  54. For executives, according to the article, a golf course is a pl where

  ________

  A. they can conduct their business

  B. they can indulge themselves

  C. they can cultivate their mind

  D. they can exercise as well as socialize

  55. What is NOT tree according to the article?

  A. Executives tend to ignore doctors' advice and warnings.

  B. Executives are sensitive to pressure from the younger generation.

  C. All chief executives can earn millions of dollars a year.

  D. Executives are careful of what they eat.

  Passage 4

  In November 1970 Yukio Mishima, together withsome of his fanatical

  followers from the ultranationalistic Shield Society WhiCh. he had four, dod in

  1966, broke into the headquarters of Japan's Eastern Defense Forces armed

  with swords and daggers, overpowered some aides, tied up the commanding

  general, and demanded that the troops be assembled to hear a speech. Mishima

  addressed the troops for ten minutes, inciting them to rebel against the

  constitutional govemment imposed by the United States that had, in his words,

  "turned Japan spineless." Receiving only ridicule in response, he returned to the

  general's office and there, before the general's unbelieving eyes, proceeded to

  kill himself in strict accordance with the tradifonal samurai ritual of seppuku.

  After Mishima had driven a dagger deep into his left abdomen, one of his aides

  severed his head with a sword. The aide likewise 'killed himself and was

  5eheaded; the others surrendered.

  In 1936 there had been a similar revolt and, though equally unsuccessful,

  it had foreshadowed the repressive re,me of General Tojo that was to stage tho

  attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941. That earlier revolt is the one referred to in

  "Patriotism," one of Mishima's most powerful stories. Here life and fiction

  become joined. The act of seppuku was for Mishima a fulfdlment, "the ultimate

  dream of my life." Bom of an ancient samurai family, he longed to die a hero's

  death in accordance with the ancient samurai code; but his weak body kept him

  from service in the war, and he had to compensate through body building (he

  became expert at karate and kendo) and, most important, through the discipline

  writing. In his short lifetime he turned out twenty novels, thirty plays, many

  essays, and more than eighty stories: he also produced, directed, and acted in

  movies, and even sang on stage. His first book of stories, A Forest in Flower,

  appeared in 1943, but it was Confession of a Mask (1948), dealing with the

  meditations of a young man of homosexual leanings in a repressive society, that

  brought him fame.

  Mishima has been called "Japan's Hemingway," while others have

  compared him to "aesthetic" writers like Walter Peter and Oscar Wilde.

  56. The article implies that

  A. Mishima refused to join the army when he was young

  B. Mishima has been regarded as a lunatic writer

  C. Mishima is a person who'is hard m define

  D. Critics all agree that Mishima is an aesthetic writer

  57. The aim of the rebel led by Mishima was

  A. Fo capture the commanding genera!

  B. to urge the government to declare a war against America

  C. to incite the soldiers to rebel against the Constitutional govemment

  D. to force the Emperor to give up the throne

  58. In the 1970 rebel, the speech made by Mishima____

  A. was web received by the soldiers

  B, was laughed at by the soldiers

  C. impressed the commanding general

  D, left a deep impression tO the soldiers

  59. What IS true according to article?

  A. The general knew that Mishima had longed to die a hero's death.

  B. The general was greatly taken aback by Mishima's suicide attemnpt

  C. Some soldiers surrendered after Mishima's speech.

  D. one of Mishima's aides was killed by the soldiers.

  60. Mishima became a well-known writer after he had ___

  A, written "Patriotism", one of his most powerful stories

  B. written eighty short stories

  C. published "A Forest in Flower"

  D. published "Confession of a Mask"

  主观题部分

  请用钢笔或圆珠笔将此部分试题的答案做在答题纸二上,否则无效!

  V. Translation (20 points)

  Fart A. (10 points)

  Directions: Translate the following passage into Chinese on your ANSWER

  SHEET.

  One might ask why speculation is permitted when there is so real a danger of

  loss. The basic reason is that speculation can perform useful functions in the

  economy. Buying a commodity or stock in the belief that prices will rise speeds

  market equilibrium and encourages faster entry of more suppliers. If the price

  change lagged until after an actual commodity shortage had occurred, the

  fluctuation would probably be sharper and more sudden. Remedial supply

  action could not be further delayed. Similarly, if speculators foresee a surplus in

  some commodity, their selling of futures will help drive the price down to some

  extent before the SurpluS actually occurs. When speculators foresee a shortage

  and bid up the price, they are also helphng to conserve the present supply. As

  the price goes up,less of the commodity is purchased; a rise in price

  encourages users to ecor, om2ze. Similarly, a lowering of price encourages users

  to buy more, thus helping to sell the surplus which is developing.

  Part B. (10 points)

  Directions: Translate the following into EngIish on your ANSWER SHEET.

  中国已经发层成为一个全球极富吸引力的、现实的大市场。世界各国

  和地区不少有远见卓识的企业家,都将目光投向了中国,并从投资活动中

  获得了丰厚的回报。我相信,中国加入世贸组织后,外商参与中国投资活

  动的机会将越来越多,自身发展的空间也越来越大。在中国的投资活动一

  定能成为沟通世界各国和地区的企业家与中国市场的一座桥梁,促进中国

  和世界经济共同发展、共同繁荣。

  VI. Writing (20 points)

  Directions Write an essay in no less than 250 words with file title "My

  Understanding of GlobaIization". Your essay should be written on the

  Answer Sheet.



(责任编辑:zhaoxiaoyan)

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