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中国人民大学2004考博英语真题(一)
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     中国人民大学2004考博英语真题(一)

  客观题部分

  请用铅笔将此部分试题的答案填涂在答题卡上,否则无效!

  II. Vocabulary (10 points)

  PartA (5 points)

  Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences, there are four choices

  marked iL B, C arm 1). Choose the:one thatbest completes the

  sentence and mark the corresponding letter with a single bar across

  the square bracket on ANSWER SHEET 1.

  Example:

  She prefers foreign wine to that produced__

  A. previously B. vLrtually C. primarily D. domestically

  The sentence should read,; "She prefers foreign wine to that produce

  domesticany." Therefore, you should choose D.

  Sample Answer

  [A] [B] [C] [D]

  1. International sport should create goodwill between the nations, but in the

  present organization of the Olympics somehow encourages__

  patriotism.

  A. obsolete B. aggressive C. harmonious D. amiable

  Z One call understand others much better by noting the immediate and

  fleeting reactions of their eyes and __ to expressed thoughts.

  A. dilemmas B. countenances C. concessions D. junctions

  3. People innately _____ for superiority over their peers although it

  sometimes takes the form of an exaggerated lust for power.

  A. strive B. ascertain C. justify D. adhere

  4. Some scientists have suggested that Earth is a kind of, zoo or wildlife

  for intelligent space beings, like the wilderness areas we have set

  up on earth to allow animals to develop naturally while we observe them.

  A. conservation B. maintenance C. storage D. reserve

  5. According to the latest report, consumer confidence___ a breathtaking

  15 points .last month, to its lowest level in 9 years.

  A. soared B. mutated C. plummeted D. fluctuated

  6. Melissa is a computer___ that destroyed files in computers and

  frustrated thousands of users around the world.

  A. genius B. vires C. disease D. bacteria

  7. The emphasis:on examinations is iby far the. worst form of

  competition in schools.

  A. negligent B. edible C. fabulous D. disproportionate

  8. The boy seemed more _____ to their poverty, after seeing how his

  grandparents lived.

  A. reconciled B. consolidated

  C. deteriorated D. attributed

  9. During his two-month stay, in China, Tom never____ a chance to

  practice his Chinese.

  A. passed on B. passed up C. passed by D. passed out

  10. When a person dies, his debts must be paid before his ____ can be

  distributed.

  A. paradoxes B. legacies C. platitudes D. analogin

  Part B (5 points)

  Directions: In each of the following sentences there is one word or phrase

  underlined. Below the sentence are four choices marked A, B, C, and

  D. Choose the one that is closest in meaning to the underiined part.

  Mark the corresponding letter with a single bar across the square

  bracket on ANSWER SHEET I.

  Example:

  The secretary is Very competent; she can finish all these letters within one

  .. ;.,ca, ODe

  bour.

  A. careful B. industrious C. clever D. capable

  In this sentence, "competent" is closest -;n m e:zting to "capable". Therefore

  you should choose D.

  Sample Answer

  [A] [B] [C] [DD]

  11. He claims that advertising today tends to portray women in traditional

  roles such as cooking or taking care of the baby.

  A. depict B. advocate D; criticize D. analyze

  12,. They achieved more than they had eyer dreamed, lending a magic tO their

  family story that no tale or ordinary life could possibly rival.

  A.confirm B. achieve C.match D exaggerate

  13. The most urgent thing is to find a dump. for those toxic____ industrial wastes.

  A. imminent B. recyclable C. smelly D. poisonous

  i4. British Prime Minister Tony Blair promised the electorate that guns would

  nor be fired without an attempt to win a further U.N.sanction.

  A. allies B. delegates C. voters D. juries

  15. The analysis suggests that the tradeoff between our :children's college and

  our own retirement security is ,chilling.

  A. frightening B. promising C. freezing D. revealing

  16. Their signing of the treaty was regarded as a conspiracy against the British

  Crown.

  A. secret plan B. bold attack C. clever design D. joint effort

  17. Evidence, reference, and foomotes by the thousand testify to a scrupulous

  researcher who does considerable justice to a full range of different

  beorefical and political positions.

  A. trustworthy B. intelligent C. diligent D. meticulous

  18. Despite their spartan, isolated lifestyle, them are no stories of women

  being raped or wanton violence against civilians in the region.

  A. intriguing B. exasperating: C. demonstrative D. unprovoked

  19. The gang derived their nickname from their dark clothing and blacked up

  faces for .nocturnal raids in the forest.

  A. illegal B. night-time C, brutal D. abusive

  20. Though sometimes too lazy to work as hard as her sisters, Linda has a

  more avid fondness for the limelight,

  A. mercurial B, gallant C. ardent D. frugal

  III. Cloze (10 points)

  Directions : Read the following passage. Choose the best word for each

  numbered blank and mark the corresponding letter with a single bar across the

  square bracket on Answer Sheet I.

  Like many other aspects of the computer age, Yahoo began as an idea,

  ___ 21 ___ into a hobby and Iately has ____22 ____ into a full- time passion. The

  two developers of Yahoo, David Filo and Jerry Yang, Ph. D candidates

  ___ 23 _ Electrical Engineering at Stanford University, started theirguide in

  April 1994 as a way to keep 24 of their personal interest on the Intemet.

  Before long they ___25 ___ that their home,brewed lists were becoming too

  long and ____ 26____ Gradually they began to spend more andmore time on

  Yahoo.

  During 1994, they ____ 27____ yahoo into a customized database designed

  to____28_____ the needs of the thousands of users____29____ began to use the

  service through the closely ___ 30____ Intemet community. They developed

  customized software to help them___ 31 ___ locate, identify and edit material

  ___32___ on the Intemet. The name Yahoo is ____ 33____ to stand for "Yet

  Another Hierarchical Officious Oracle". but Filo and Yang insist they selected

  the ___34 ___ because they considered themselves yahoos. Yahoo? itself first

  ___ 35 ___ on Yang's workstation, "akebono", while the search engine was

  ___ 36 ___ on Filo's computer, "Konishiki".

  In early 1995 Marc Andreessen, co-founder of Netscape Communication

  in Mountain View, California, invited Filo and Yang to move their files

  ___ 37___ to larger computers ___38____ at Netscape. As a result Stanford's

  computer network returned to ___ 39___ , and both parties benefiasc. Today,

  Yahoo___ 40 ___ organized information on tens of thousands of computers

  linked to the web.

  1. A. became B. grew C. mm D. intend

  2. A. made B. saw C. looked D. turned

  3. A. in B. on C. about D. fer

  4. A. touch ?. contact C. n-ack D. record

  5. A. founded E. found C. argued D. reported

  6. A. unwieldy B. tough C. tamable D invaluable

  7. A. exchanged B. shank C. sold D. converted

  8. A. explain B. serve C. discover D. evaluate

  9. A. which B. that C. actually D. eagerly

  10. A. relative B. interactive C.bound D. contacted

  11. A. fluently B. efficiently C.exactly D. actually

  12. A. transmitted B. purchased C. sold D.

  13. A. about B. bound C. going D. supposed

  I4. A. fable B. model C. name D. brand

  15. A. supported B. resided C. lived D. launched

  16. A. connected B. lodged C. introduced D. linked

  17. A. over B, away C. inside D. beneath

  18. A. housed B. caught C. hosed D. bidden

  19. A. average B. normal C. ordinary D. equal

  20. A. attains B.detains C. maintains D. contains

  IV. Reading Comprehension (20 points)

  Directions: Read the following passages, decideon the best one of the choices

  marked A, B, C, and D for each question or unfinished statement and then mark

  the corresponding letter with a single bar across the square bracket on the



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